做个有深度的程序员 — YuanGe
js实现图片下载,不是通过设置a标签download属性实现
js实现图片下载,不是通过设置a标签download属性实现

js实现图片下载,不是通过设置a标签download属性实现

//下载图片的方式
            function exportImageAct(imgUrl, imgName) {
                if (!!window.ActiveXObject || "ActiveXObject" in window) {
                    aLinkDownload(imgUrl, imgName); // IE浏览器
                } else if (navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Firefox") !== -1) {
                    imageCanvasAlink(imgUrl, imgName); // 火狐浏览器
                } else if (navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Chrome") !== -1) {
                    fileUrlDownload(imgUrl, imgName); // Chrome内核浏览器
                } else {
                    aLinkDownload(imgUrl, imgName);
                }
            }
            // 下载图片的几种方式
            // 接口返回文件流 chrome 浏览器会识别不了类型
            function aLinkDownload(url, imgName) {
                var a = document.createElement("a");
                let event = new MouseEvent("click");
                a.href = url;
                if (imgName) {
                    a.download = imgName + ".jpg";
                } else {
                    a.download = "down_load.jpg";
                }
                // a.click();火狐浏览器不触发
                a.dispatchEvent(event);
            }
            // 下载文件流的方式 火狐浏览器会默认XML格式,无法定义文件类型
            function fileUrlDownload(url, imgName) {
                console.log(url, imgName);
                var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
                xhr.responseType = "blob"; // 返回类型blob
                xhr.onload = function () {
                    // 定义请求完成的处理函数
                    if (this.status === 200) {
                        var blob = this.response;
                        var reader = new FileReader();
                        reader.readAsDataURL(blob); // 转换为base64,可以直接放入a标签href
                        reader.onload = function (e) {
                            var str = e.target.result;
                            var type = str.substring(str.indexOf("/") + 1, str.indexOf(";"));
                            var a = document.createElement("a"); // 转换完成,创建一个a标签用于下载
                            let event = new MouseEvent("click");
                            if (imgName) {
                                a.download = imgName + "." + type;
                            } else {
                                a.download = "down_load.jpg";
                            }
                            a.href = e.target.result;
                            a.dispatchEvent(event);
                        };
                    } else if (this.status === 504) {
                        alert("导出失败,请求超时");
                    } else {
                        alert("导出失败");
                    }
                };
                xhr.open("get", url, true);
                //此处为兼容后端中间件,设置请求头,文件格式
                xhr.setRequestHeader(
                    "Accept",
                    "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3"
                );
                xhr.send();
            }
            // 通过canvas转换
            function imageCanvasAlink(src, imgName) {
                console.log(src);
                // 通过Images对象
                let image = new Image();
                image.setAttribute("crossOrigin", "anonymous");
                image.onload = function (e) {
                    let canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
                    canvas.width = image.width;
                    canvas.height = image.height;
                    let context = canvas.getContext("2d");
                    context.drawImage(image, 0, 0, image.width, image.height);
                    // window.navigator.msSaveBlob(canvas.msToBlob(), 'image.jpg');
                    let url = canvas.toDataURL("image/png");
                    let a = document.createElement("a");
                    let event = new MouseEvent("click");
                    if (imgName) {
                        a.download = imgName + ".jpg";
                    } else {
                        a.download = "down_load.jpg";
                    }
                    a.href = url;
                    // 触发a的单击事件
                    a.dispatchEvent(event);
                };
                // 获取img上的src值,赋值之后,完成之后会调用onload事件
                image.src = src;
            }

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